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Crucifix and Cross Bottles
Full pictures and close-ups

crucifix bottle by Carl Worner
Height Bottle Markings Description, including signature and date
9" round bottle, no markings This bottle shows three crosses, Jesus and the two thieves; the bodies are whittled and painted, but there are also cutout figures, including a large one of the head of Mary at the foot of the cross. The most unusual feature is that the top, back and sides of the bottle are painted black and red to make the bottle more like a shrine. It is signed "Chas. Worner, Hanua Main" but not dated. This is the same artist who is more known for his saloon bottles. I place this earlier than the saloons based on the subject matter and the fancy painting of the glass and the fineness of the signature. The exact meaning of "Hanua Main" is not known. He was, I believe, a German immigrant to America, and Hanua might be Hanau, a city near Frankfurt on the Main River. But why would he misspell the name of the city? He has also signed one bottle with "Honolulu" which led me to look at Hanua as being in Hawaii. "Hanua" is a Polynesian word for "world" and there is a street in Maui named Hanua. Even if "Hanua Main" were really "Hanua Maui," it is a bit far-fetched to place Mr. Worner there, probably in the 19th century. Even if he were a seaman, this seems somewhat unlikely.
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